Israel is governed by a multi-party parliamentary system. The President of the State of Israel fulfills mainly ceremonial duties and is not a part of the three branches of government.
1. The legislative authority: The Knesset, Israel's Parliament, includes 120 members elected for a term of four years in nationwide elections.
• Electoral System in Israel • Political Parties in Israel
2. The executive authority: The government headed by the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is elected in nationwide elections for a period of four years. All recent governments were formed by a coalition of parties. The Ministers that head the government ministries are appointed by the Prime Minister generally from among the ranks of the parties in the coalition.
• Prime Ministers of Israel
Cities in Israel are managed by a mayor and the city council. City mayors and members of the city council are elected in regional elections held every five years. Smaller townships are included within local regional councils.