Israel Science and Technology Directory

Political parties

Number of MKs of parties represented in the Knesset since 1999.

Over 23 years, from 1999 to 2022, there were 11 national elections. In these elections, 26 parties had MKs (Member of Knesset) elected. In the Israeli political system, a multiplicity of small parties emerge in every election and many of these dissolve and disappear from the political scene within one or a few terms of elections (see the list of parties). In this period of 1999-2022, only four parties have been continuously represented in each Knesset term with elected representatives (MKs). The graph below presents the number of MKs of these four parties.

Three of these parties (Likud, Shas, Yehadut haTorah) are conservative or religious parties. These three parties together have 50 MKs in the current Knesset which represent 41.7% of the Knesset.

The fourth party is the HaAvoda, the Labor Party of Israel which has socialist origins dating back to pre-state institutions. As can be seen in the graph, the Labor party electorate is continuously decreasing. It currently has only four MKs in the Knesset which represent 3.3% of the Knesset.

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Chart 1: Number of MKs of parties represented in the Knesset since 1999.

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