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Year | Nobel Laureate | Born in |
---|---|---|

2020 | Penrose, Roger "for the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity" | UK |

2018 | Ashkin, Arthur "for groundbreaking inventions in the field of laser physics. for the optical tweezers and their application to biological systems." | USA |

2017 | Weiss, Rainer "for decisive contributions to the LIGO detector and the observation of gravitational waves" | Germany |

2017 | Barish, Barry C. "for decisive contributions to the LIGO detector and the observation of gravitational waves" | USA |

2016 | Kosterlitz, J. Michael "for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter" | UK |

2013 | Englert, Francois "for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments" | Belgium |

2012 | Haroche, Serge "for ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems" | Morocco |

2011 | Perlmutter, Saul "for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae" | USA |

2011 | Riess, Adam G. "for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae" | USA |

2005 | Glauber, Roy J. "for his contribution to the quantum theory of optical coherence" | USA |

2004 | Gross, David J. "for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction" | USA |

2004 | Politzer, H. David "for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction" | USA |

2003 | Ginzburg, Vitaly L. "for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids" | Russia |

2003 | Abrikosov, Alexei A. "for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids" | Russia |

2000 | Alferov, Zhores I. "for basic work on information and communication technology" | Russia |

1997 | Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude "for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light" | Algeria |

1996 | Lee, David M. "for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3" | USA |

1995 | Perl, Martin L. "for the discovery of the tau lepton" | USA |

1995 | Reines, Frederick "for the detection of the neutrino" | USA |

1992 | Charpak, Georges "for his invention and development of particle detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber" | Poland |

1990 | Friedman, Jerome I. "for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics" | USA |

1988 | Steinberger, Jack "for the neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino" | Germany |

1988 | Schwartz, Melvin "for the neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino" | USA |

1988 | Lederman, Leon M. "for the neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino" | USA |

1987 | Muller, K. Alexander "for their important breakthrough in the discovery of superconductivity in ceramic materials" | Switzerland |

1979 | Weinberg, Steven "for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including inter alia the prediction of the weak neutral current" | USA |

1979 | Glashow, Sheldon L. "for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including inter alia the prediction of the weak neutral current" | USA |

1978 | Penzias, Arno A. "for their discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation" | Germany |

1976 | Richter, Burton "for their pioneering work in the discovery of a heavy elementary particle of a new kind" | USA |

1975 | Mottelson, Ben Roy "for the discovery of the connection between collective motion and particle motion in atomic nuclei and the development of the theory of the structure of the atomic nucleus based on this connection" | USA |

1973 | Josephson, Brian D. "for his theoretical predictions of the properties of a supercurrent through a tunnel barrier, in particular those phenomena which are generally known as the Josephson effects" | UK |

1972 | Cooper, Leon N. "for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory" | USA |

1971 | Gabor, Dennis "for his invention and development of the holographic method" | Hungary |

1969 | Gell-Mann, Murray "for his contributions and discoveries concerning the classification of elementary particles and their interactions" | USA |

1967 | Bethe, Hans A. "for his contributions to the theory of nuclear reactions, especially his discoveries concerning the energy production in stars" | Germany |

1965 | Schwinger, Julian "for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles" | USA |

1965 | Feynman, Richard P. "for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles" | USA |

1963 | Wigner, Eugene P. "for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles" | Hungary |

1962 | Landau, Lev D. "for his pioneering theories for condensed matter, especially liquid helium" | Azerbaijan |

1961 | Hofstadter, Robert "for his pioneering studies of electron scattering in atomic nuclei and for his thereby achieved discoveries concerning the structure of the nucleons" | USA |

1960 | Glaser, Donald A. "for the invention of the bubble chamber" | USA |

1959 | Segrè, Emilio Gino "for their discovery of the antiproton" | Italy |

1958 | Frank, Il'ja M. "for the discovery and the interpretation of the Cherenkov effect" | Russia |

1954 | Born, Max "for his fundamental research in quantum mechanics, especially for his statistical interpretation of the wavefunction" | Germany |

1952 | Bloch, Felix "for their development of new methods for nuclear magnetic precision measurements and discoveries in connection therewith" | Switzerland |

1945 | Pauli, Wolfgang "for the discovery of the Exclusion Principle, also called the Pauli Principle" | Austria |

1944 | Rabi, Isidor Isaac "for his resonance method for recording the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei" | Poland |

1943 | Stern, Otto "for his contribution to the development of the molecular ray method and his discovery of the magnetic moment of the proton" | Poland |

1925 | Franck, James "for their discovery of the laws governing the impact of an electron upon an atom" | Germany |

1922 | Bohr, Niels "for his services in the investigation of the structure of atoms and of the radiation emanating from them" | Denmark |

1921 | Einstein, Albert "for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect" | Germany |

1908 | Lippmann, Gabriel "for his method of reproducing colors photographically based on the phenomenon of interference" | Luxembourg |

1907 | Michelson, Albert A. "for his optical precision instruments and the spectroscopic and metrological investigations carried out with their aid" | Poland |

Total number of Jewish Laureates: **53** out of a total of 227.